Biodiversity Inventory of the Osa Peninsula Database

Project Impetus

Mike Boston, President of Osaaventura, Kenneth Barnett and I have embarked on a project, ‘The Biodiversity Inventory of the Osa’ (BIO), to catalogue and monitor the outstanding biodiversity of the Osa Peninsula, and the adjacent mainland – the Area Conservacion Osa (ACOSA, but henceforth referred to as “the Osa”). At the core of BIO is a database, a repository for data on the flora and fauna of the Osa.

Compelling us to embark on BIO is the knowledge that the Osa is home to an astounding biological diversity and host to many unique natural phenomena. However, with few exceptions, there exists very little data to quantify the Osa’s spectacular natural wealth, and to yield comparable information with which to arm those dedicated conservationists who are endeavoring to preserve this beautiful peninsula.

There are many species on the Osa that might be called critical species – indicator species, spectacular species and species that are rare and/or limited in distribution, but all of them heavyweights when considered for conservation.

Some of the notable species which require cataloging:

1. Jaguar

2. Scarlet Macaw

3. American Crocodile (cocodrillo)

4. White Lipped Peccary

5. Baird's Tapir (Danta)

6. Black-headed bushmaster (plato negro, matabuey)

Currently, the B.I.O. database is a stand-alone relational database programmed using Microsoft ACCESS. The database contains the abililty to record both geographical and morphological data for all genera of reptiles and amphibians currently known to exist in Central America. A simple Graphical User Interface (GUI) consisting principally of drop down menus, relieves the user of the labor of typing in lengthy Latin generic and specific names. Typing is limited to simple numerical entries (e.g., number of individuals observed, snout-vent (SVL) length, etc.).

Current release of the B.I.O. database includes:

  • Inclusion of the classes Mammalia and Aves
  • Integration with a GIS Plotting Routine for data mapping
  • Generating Queries by: Genus/Species, Weather, Location
Future releases of the B.I.O. database will include:
  • Conversion to a web-based server application.
  • Integration with GIS Software to allow mapping via WWW.



A) Bio Database Title Screen


B) GIS Plot of capture of Bothrops asper


B) Waterways in ACOSA being sampled for Project C.R.O.C.S.

For more information email us or Osaaventura at the addresses above on the BIO title screen. Please indicate 'Osa B.I.O. database' in the subject line.


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